On Monday October 09, 2017, 14:00 - 15:30 Anton Nilsson (Aahrus) will present:
Short- and Long-term Effects of Adolescent Alcohol Access: Evidence from Denmark
We exploit changes in minimum legal alcohol purchasing ages in Denmark in order to estimate effects on short- and long-term health-related outcomes, as well as on human capital formation. Using a difference-in-differences approach we bring comprehensive evidence on the effects of three reforms, which affected alcohol availability along different dimensions and margins – 1) establishing an off-premise alcohol purchase age of 15 (1998), 2) raising the off-premise alcohol purchase age to 16 (2004), and 3) increasing the purchase age of beverages exceeding 16.5% in alcohol content from 16 to 18 (2011). Our findings show significant short-term effects on injuries and, although power is lower, indications of substantial effects on alcohol poisonings and intoxications. In the longer term, our results indicate that being able to buy alcohol before age 15 increases injuries and alcohol-related hospitalizations in late teenage years and increases sick days in young adulthood. The effects on educational attainment are insignificant once age-specific time trends are accounted for.
Room: WST-C.02.11, Weststadttürme Berliner Platz 6-8, Essen
Does working time causally affect workers' health? We study this question in the context of a French reform which reduced the standard workweek from 39 to 35 hours, at constant earnings. Our empirical analysis exploits variation in the adoption of this shorter workweek across employers, which is mainly driven by institutional features of the reform and thus arguably exogenous to workers' health. Difference-in-differences and lagged dependent variable regressions reveal a positive effect of working hours on smoking and a negative effect on self-reported health. Results are robust to accounting for endogenous job mobility and differ by workers' occupations.
The Australian Government launched the My School website in 2010 to provide standardised information about the quality of schools to the Australian public. This paper combines data from this website with home sale s data for the state of Victoria to estimate the effect of the publication of school quality info rmation on property prices. We use a difference-indifference approach to estimate the causal effect of the releas e of information about high-quality and low-quality schools relative to medium-quality schools in the neighbourhood and find that the release of information about high-quality scho ols increases property prices by 3.6 percent, whereas the release of information about low- quality schools has no significant effect. The findings indicate that many buyers are unaware of the relevance of school quality information and that real estate agents pursue a strategy of disclosing information about high-quality schools to increase the sales pri ce. Results from a survey of Victorian real estate agents provide evidence in fa vor of this strategy.
Room: WST-A.01.04, Weststadttürme Berliner Platz 6-8, Essen