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CINCH - Health Economics Research Center

Monday Health Economics Seminar

12.12.2017

On Monday December 18, 2017, 14:00 - 15:30 Gregor Pfeifer (Hohenheim) will present:

Goodbye Smokers’ Corner: Health Effects of School Smoking Bans

We study the impact of school smoking bans on individual health behavior in Germany. Using a multiple difference-in-differences approach combined with randomization inference, we find that the propensity towards smoking reduces by 14-21 percent, while the number of smoked cigarettes per day decreases by 7-25 percent. After elaborating on treatment effect heterogeneity and intensity, we evaluate spillovers to other health behavior of the treated individual and to smoking behavior of non-treated persons living in the same household.

Room: WST-C.02.11, Weststadttürme Berliner Platz 6-8, Essen

To find more on upcoming seminars, click here.


New CINCH working paper

06.12.2017

A new working paper has been added to the CINCH working paper series: “The long-term consequences of the global 1918 influenza pandemic: A systematic analysis of 117 IPUMS international census data sets” by Sebastian Vollmer and Juditha Wójcik.

Several country-level studies, including a prominent one for the United States, have identified long-term effects of in-utero exposure to the 1918 influenza pandemic (also known as the Spanish Flu) on economic outcomes in adulthood. In-utero conditions are theoretically linked to adult health and socioeconomic status through the fetal origins or Barker hypothesis. Historical exposure to the Spanish Flu provides a natural experiment to test this hypothesis. Although the Spanish Flu was a global phenomenon, with around 500 million people infected worldwide, there exists no comprehensive global study on its long-term economic effects. We attempt to close this gap by systematically analyzing 117 Census data sets provided by IPUMS International. We do not find consistent global long-term effects of influenza exposure on education, employment and disability outcomes. A series of robustness checks does not alter this conclusion. Our findings indicate that the existing evidence on long-term economic effects of the Spanish Flu is likely a consequence of publication bias.

See all working papers.


Monday Health Economics Seminar

05.12.2017

On Monday December 11, 2017, 14:00 - 15:30 Katja Grasic (CHE, York) will present:

How should hospital reimbursement be refined to support the concentration of complex care services?

The English National Health Service is promoting the concentration of the treatment of patients with relatively rare and complex conditions into a limited number of specialist centres. If these patients are more costly to treat, the prospective payment system based on Healthcare Resource Groups (HRGs) may need refinement because these centres will be financially disadvantaged. To assess the funding implications of this concentration policy, we estimate the cost differentials associated with caring for patients that receive complex care and examine the extent to which complex care services are concentrated across hospitals and HRGs. We estimate random effects models using patient-level activity and cost data for all patients admitted to English hospitals construct different measures of the concentration of complex services. Payments for complex care services need to be adjusted if they have large cost differentials and if provision is concentrated within a few hospitals.

 

Room: WST-C.02.11, Weststadttürme Berliner Platz 6-8, Essen

To find more on upcoming seminars, click here.