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CINCH - National Research Center for Health Economics

New CINCH working paper


A new working paper has been added to the CINCH working paper series: “Access to Education and Teenage Pregnancy.” by Martin Foureaux Koppensteiner and Jesse Matheson.


Little is known about the causal impact of education opportunities on the decision of young women to have children. Expanding education opportunities may lead to a greater number of young women putting off childbearing until after their teenage years. In this study we look at the effect of one of the largest secondary school expansions on record, providing quasi-experimental evidence to uncover the causal impact of education opportunity on teenage fertility. After achieving near universal enrolment in primary education in the mid-1990s, Brazil went through an ambitious program of expanding secondary schooling. Between 1996 and 2009 more than 10,269 secondary schools were introduced, increasing the average enrolment rate for teens age 15 to 19 from 21% to 48%. We combine data from the Brazilian School Census, and Brazilian Vital Statistics data capturing 45 million live births by age of mother into an extraordinarily rich data set. Plausibly exogenous variation in the introduction of schools across municipalities over time is used to estimate the effect of education opportunity on teenage births. We find a significant negative effect of secondary school availability on teenage pregnancy. Our results suggest that the addition of one school at age 15 will reduce average cumulative births by 19 by, on average, 4.4 births or 4.6% relative to the mean. These results suggest that the expansion in secondary schools across Brazil can account for roughly 27% of the large decline in teenage childbearing observed between 1997 and 2009 in Brazil.

Download the whole Working Paper here.

New CINCH working papers


Three new working papers have been added to the CINCH working paper series:

“Strategic Choices in Polygamous Households: Theory and Evidence from Senegal.” by Pauline Rossi.

“The Impact of Abortion Legalization on Fertility and Maternal Mortality: New Evidence from Mexico.” by Damian Clarke and Hanna Mühlrad.

“US Child Safety Seat Laws: Are they Effective, and Who Complies?” by Lauren E. Jones and Nicolas R. Ziebarth.

See all Working Papers here.

Australian Scholars @ CINCH


We are very honored to have Sonja Kassenböhmer (CHE-Monash) and John P. Haisken-DeNew (University of Melbourne) visiting CINCH. They will be around until the 22nd of June 2016 – please feel free to take the opportunity and get in touch! For questions regarding their visit please contact Daniel Avdic (