On Monday January 16th, 2017 Matthias Westphal will present his research project titled:
Effect of Teacher Quality on Students’ Learning Outcomes – Evidence Using the German Educational Expansion as a Natural Experiment
In this paper, I focus on the impact of one of the most substantial social changes of the past 50 years – the educational expansion – on the selection of high school teachers. This is important, as it could have long-run effects on learning outcomes of students which is the primary goal of this paper.
Exploiting the German educational expansion for both, identification as well as to trace out highly policy relevant effects that are important for shaping future reforms, I find that teachers are adversely selected in times of a high demand for teachers. These effects are still detectable today, decades after the expansion was rolled out. I find small but significant negative effects in student test scores for math and reading competence. To separate initial teacher selection effects from effects due to school sorting, I make use of a triple difference design that can hold potentially confounding parental background characteristics and class mate peer effects fixed – making teacher quality the most likely channel where the effect operates through.
This coming Monday Ingo Kolodziej will present his research project titled:
Effects of working part-time and full-time on physical and mental health in old age in Europe
We distinguish between part-time and full-time work activity and analyse their effects on the physical and mental health conditions of older workers in Europe. We use statutory eligibility ages for receiving retirement benefits as instruments for part-time and full-time work decisions to avoid the potential bias that deteriorating health conditions can cause employees to work fewer hours or not at all. We also control for unobserved heterogeneity across individuals. We find that working full-time deteriorates general health, reduces body weight, increases depression symptoms, and has a negative effect on word recall but a positive effect on numeracy skills. Working part-time has the opposite effects that are larger in magnitude. A comparison of the results obtained in Europe with those obtained in the United States in an earlier study shows that health responses to working part-time and full-time in old age differ across Europe and the United States.
There're two open vacancies for jobs in the health economic sector:
The University of Duisburg-Essen seeks to fill the following position at the Health Economics Research Center CINCH and the Leibniz ScienceCampus Ruhr at the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration: 1 Researcher (Pay grade 13 TV-L, 100%).
Starting date: at the earliest possible date. Contract duration: 36 months Application deadline: 16 January 2017
The University of Duisburg-Essen seeks to fill the following position at the Leibniz ScienceCampus Ruhr at the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration: 1 Researcher/Doctoral Student (Pay grade 13 TV-L, 75%).
Starting date: at the earliest possible date. Contract duration: 4 years Application deadline: 16 January 2017