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CINCH - Forschungszentrum für Gesundheitsökonomik

Virtual Essen Health Economics Seminar

Am Montag, den 28. Juni 2021, 16:00 - 17:30, wird Bettina Siflinger (Tilburg University) ihre Forschung präsentieren:

The Effect of Retirement on Mental Health: Indirect Treatment Effects and Causal Mediation

People experience multiple changes in their lives after retirement which can affect their mental health. In this paper, we examine the mediating impact of grandparental childcare in the effect of retirement on mental health among elderly women in Europe. We apply a semi-parametric estimation strategy to disentangle the total effect of retirement on mental health into a direct effect, and an indirect effect mediated through grandparental childcare. We find that retirement directly leads to a significant increase in mental health problems. However, this effect is completely offset by a significant reduction in mental health problems generated by a mediating effect of grandparental childcare. As a result, the total effect of retirement on mental health is close to zero. We then examine country-specific heterogeneity in the provision of public childcare and find that the mediating effect unfolds its full compensating strength in countries in which grandparental childcare is supplemental to public childcare. Our results have important implications for designing old-age social policies.

Raum: Aufgrund der aktuellen Lage in Bezug auf die COVID-19-Pandemie findet der Vortrag in einem virtuellen Seminarraum statt. Für mehr Informationen klicken Sie bitte hier.


Virtual Essen Health Economics Seminar

Am Montag, den 21. Juni 2021, 16:00 - 17:30, wird Krzysztof (Chris) Karbownik (Emory University) seine Forschung präsentieren:

Getting a Second Chance? Prenatal Health Shocks and Infant Health Care

Prenatal health insults have negative consequences on adult outcomes while post- natal policies were shown to benefit treated children. Here, combining two orthogonal difference-in-differences designs, we document that access to health care center at ages 0-1 reduces the negative effects of prenatal influenza exposure on completed years of education, lifetime earnings, and adult health. This suggests that health interventions early in childhood can compensate for the adverse health shocks experienced in-utero.

Raum: Aufgrund der aktuellen Lage in Bezug auf die COVID-19-Pandemie findet der Vortrag in einem virtuellen Seminarraum statt. Für mehr Informationen klicken Sie bitte hier.


Virtual Essen Health Economics Seminar

Am Montag, den 14. Juni 2021, 16:00 - 17:30, wird Anne Brenøe (Universität Zürich) ihre Forschung präsentieren:

Explaining the Effect of Breastfeeding Promotion on Infant Weight Gain: The Role of Nutrition

Using data from the only large-scale randomized controlled trial promoting prolonged exclusive breastfeeding, we show the intervention significantly and persistently increased weight-for-age, but did not have robust effects on other child health measures. To explain this result, we provide novel evidence of changes in infant feeding patterns. The estimated increase in calories treated infants consumed fully explain the weight gain in early infancy. This suggests breastfeeding has beneficial effects on infant health in contexts where breast milk is a replacement for low-calorie liquids, but effects may not be generalizable to settings where higher-quality alternatives are more common..

Raum: Aufgrund der aktuellen Lage in Bezug auf die COVID-19-Pandemie findet der Vortrag in einem virtuellen Seminarraum statt. Für mehr Informationen klicken Sie bitte hier.