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CINCH - Forschungszentrum für Gesundheitsökonomik

Essen Health Economics Seminar @ RWI Essen

11.11.2019

Am Montag, den 18. November 2019, 14:00 - 15:30 Uhr, wird Jonathan Briody (University College Dublin) seine Forschung vorstellen:

Parental Unemployment During the Great Recession and Childhood Adiposity

The relationships between unemployment and health are predominantly studied in adults. This study examines the relationship between changing economic conditions during the Irish recession and child weight using the Growing up in Ireland infant cohort from 2008 to 2013. Fixed effect logistic regression, with individual and area fixed effects, is used to examine the effects of parental unemployment on child weight. This study is the first to use longitudinal anthropometric measurements to estimate the impact of parental unemployment on children’s weight before, during and after a recession. Child growth charts are used to quantify children according to overweight for BMI, weight for age, and weight for height measures. For weight measured by BMI, the probability of a child being overweight is 6 percentage points higher if either parent has experienced unemployment. For weight for age the probability is 6 percentage points higher across the World Health Organisation (WHO), British Growth Reference, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth charts. The analysis is repeated for physical activity and diet to clarify mechanisms of effect. The probability of a child consuming healthy food and physical activity which has an implied cost is lower if either parent experiences unemployment, while the probability of consuming unhealthy food increases. The incidence of adiposity in children in the early years of life has outgrown the prevalence rate in older children and adolescents globally; if these trends are not addressed a generation of children may grow up with a higher level of chronic disease.

Raum: E-Werk, RWI Essen, Hohenzollernstraße 1-3, 45128 Essen

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Essen Health Economics Seminar @ CINCH Essen

06.11.2019

Am Montag, den 11. November 2019, 14:00 - 15:30 Uhr, wird Christoph Kronenberg (CINCH) seine Forschung vorstellen:

New(spaper) Evidence on the Relationship between Gold Discoveries and Suicides

I analyze the relationship between the economy and suicides using the US gold rush as a large unexpected economic shock. The largest US gold rush took place in the southwest of the US. This gold rush becomes public immediately after the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The treaty saw exactly the regions with large gold deposits join the US. The gold rush is thus a large economic shock to states with otherwise small economies and minimal infrastructure. I perform the analysis on web scraped data from a newspaper archive and use suicide mentions per 100,000 pages as a proxy for suicides. I validate this proxy and show that it arguably is a good proxy for suicide trends in the 19th century USA. The newspaper archive allows the distinction between actual gold discoveries and the public knowledge of these discoveries. Results show that overall gold discoveries are associated with a small reduction in newspaper suicide prevalence of up to 2% in states discovering substantial amounts of gold and joining the US due to the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. For these regions the size of a discovery per prevented suicide mention are similar to modern estimates of cost-effective interventions.

Raum: WST-C.02.12, Weststadttürme Berliner Platz 6-8, Essen

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Essen Health Economics Seminar @ CINCH Essen

28.10.2019

Am Montag, den 04. November 2019, 14:00 - 15:30 Uhr, wird Hans Sievertsen (University of Bristol) seine Forschung vorstellen:

Beyond Treatment Exposure: The Timing of Early Interventions and Children’s Health

This paper analyzes the impact of the timing of nurse home visiting (NHV) on infant and maternal health. We study universal NHV in Denmark, where nurses (i) monitor and screen infant and post-partum maternal health, (ii) provide information and counselling to new parents, and (iii) refer families with identified problems to other health care professionals. We exploit exogenous variation in the timing of forgone visits induced by the 2008 national nurse strike. Using data on the population of children born in Copenhagen in the period up to the strike and in control years, we show that children (and mothers) who missed early nurse visits after birth have more general practitioner contacts in their first five years of life compared to those who missed visits later. We speak to mechanism for these effects by showing (i) that nurses in control years perform well in identifying health risks during early home visits, and (ii) that children of parents with no educational background in health and childcare and first-parity children drive the health effects. Taken together, our findings provide evidence for the importance of universal screening and timely provision of information and counselling to new parents. A stylized cost-effectiveness calculation confirms that early universal NHV is worth the while.

Raum: WST-C.02.12, Weststadttürme Berliner Platz 6-8, Essen

Mehr Informationen finden Sie hier.