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Professor Karlsson ist seit April 2012 an der Universität Duisburg-Essen tätig. Bevor er die Leitung des Lehrstuhls für Gesundheitsökonomik übernahm, war er an der Technischen Universität Darmstadt (2009-2012), an der Universität Oslo (2009-2016), an der Universität Oxford (2006-2009) und an der Cass Business School in London (2005-2006) tätig. Am Europäischen Hochschulinstitut in Florenz hat Professor Karlsson im Jahr 2007 seinen Doktortitel erworben. Neben seiner Tätigkeit am Lehrstuhl für Gesundheitsökonomik ist Professor Karlsson Gastprofessor der Universität GöteborgIZA Fellow und Geschäftsführer des gesundheitsökonomischen Forschungszentrums CINCH. Professor Karlsson organisiert regelmäßig internationale wissenschaftliche Tagungen zu aktuellen gesundheitsökonomischen Themen, und er ist an mehreren internationalen Forschungsprojekten beteiligt..

Tabellarischer Lebenslauf als PDF.


Professor Karlsson hat eine breit gefächerte Forschungsagenda in der Gesundheitsökonomik. Seine frühere Arbeit hat sich vor allem mit den ökonomischen Aspekten der Alterspflege, mit den Effekten des Krankengeldes auf Fehlzeiten, sowie mit den Auswirkungen ökonomischer Ungleichheiten auf die Gesundheit auseinandergesetzt. Seine aktuellen Forschungsinteressen umfassen zudem die Analyse von Informationsasymmetrien in der privaten Krankenversicherung, Alterung und Alterspflege sowie die Auswirkungen von Gesundheitsinterventionen im frühen Lebensalter auf sozioökonomische und gesundheitliche Entwicklungen im weiteren Lebensverlauf. Professor Karlsson hat in führenden Fachzeitschriften publiziert wie zum Beispiel das Journal of the European Economic Association, das Journal of Health Economics, The Economic Journal, the Journal of Public Economics und the Journal of Applied Econometrics.


  • Fischer, Martin; Karlsson, Martin; Nilsson, Therese; Schwarz, Nina: The long-term effects of long terms--Compulsory schooling reforms in Sweden. In: Journal of the European Economic Association, Jg. 18 (2020), S. 2776-2823. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Atal, Juan Pablo; Fang, Hanming; Karlsson, Martin; Ziebarth, Nicolas R: Exit, Voice, or Loyalty? An Investigation Into Mandated Portability of Front-Loaded Private Health Plans. In: Journal of Risk and Insurance, Jg. 86 (2019), S. 697-727. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Bannenberg, Norman; Karlsson, Martin; Schmitz, Hendrik: The Economics of Long-Term Care. In: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance. 2019. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Karlsson, Martin; Ziebarth, Nicolas R: Population health effects and health-related costs of extreme temperatures: Comprehensive evidence from Germany. In: Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Jg. 91 (2018), S. 93-117. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Karlsson, Martin; Klein, Tobias J; Ziebarth, Nicolas R: Skewed, persistent and high before death: Medical spending in Germany. In: Fiscal Studies, Jg. 37 (2016), S. 527-559. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Costa-Font, Joan; Karlsson, Martin; Øien, Henning: Careful in the Crisis? Determinants of Older People's Informal Care Receipt in Crisis-Struck European Countries. In: Health economics, Jg. 25 (2016), S. 25-42. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Karlsson, Martin; Pichler, Stefan: Demographic consequences of HIV. In: Journal of Population Economics, Jg. 28 (2015), S. 1097-1135. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Bhalotra, Sonia R; Karlsson, Martin; Nilsson, Therese: Infant health and longevity: evidence from a historical trial in Sweden. In: Available at SSRN 2598909 (2015). BIB DownloadDetails
  • Karlsson, Martin; Klohn, Florian: Testing the red herring hypothesis on an aggregated level: ageing, time-to-death and care costs for older people in Sweden. In: The European Journal of Health Economics, Jg. 15 (2014), S. 533-551. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Ziebarth, Nicolas R; Karlsson, Martin: The effects of expanding the generosity of the statutory sickness insurance system. In: Journal of Applied Econometrics, Jg. 29 (2014), S. 208-230. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Karlsson, Martin; Nilsson, Therese; Pichler, Stefan: The impact of the 1918 Spanish flu epidemic on economic performance in Sweden: An investigation into the consequences of an extraordinary mortality shock. In: Journal of health economics, Jg. 36 (2014), S. 1-19. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Karlsson, Martin; Iversen, Tor; Øien, Henning: Scandinavian long-term care financing. In: Financing long-term care in Europe. Springer, 2012, S. 254-278. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Øien, Henning; Karlsson, Martin; Iversen, Tor: The Impact of Financial Incentives on the Composition of Long-term Care in Norway. In: Applied economic perspectives and policy, Jg. 34 (2012), S. 258-274. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Karlsson, Martin; Klohn, Florian: Ageing, health and disability--An economic perspective. In: From Grey to Silver. Springer, 2011, S. 51-67. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Bergh, Andreas; Karlsson, Martin: Government size and growth: Accounting for economic freedom and globalization. In: Public Choice, Jg. 142 (2010), S. 195-213. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Karlsson, Martin; Nilsson, Therese; Lyttkens, Carl Hampus; Leeson, George: Income inequality and health: Importance of a cross-country perspective. In: Social science & medicine, Jg. 70 (2010), S. 875-885. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Mayhew, Les; Karlsson, Martin; Rickayzen, Ben: The role of private finance in paying for long term care. In: The Economic Journal, Jg. 120 (2010). BIB DownloadDetails
  • Ziebarth, Nicolas R; Karlsson, Martin: A natural experiment on sick pay cuts, sickness absence, and labor costs. In: Journal of Public Economics, Jg. 94 (2010), S. 1108-1122. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Karlsson, Martin; Mayhew, Les; Rickayzen, Ben: In Sickness and in Health? Dynamics of Health and Cohabitation in the United Kingdom, Dawson, Sandra; Morris, Zoe Slote (Hrsg.), Palgrave Macmillan UK, London 2009. (ISBN 978-0-230-58254-5) doi:10.1057/9780230582545\\_8) VolltextBIB DownloadDetails

    Most developed countries' populations are ageing rapidly with consequent implications for public spending on long-term care (LTC), pensions and health care. The UK dependency ratio (the number of retired people per 100 people of working age) is projected to increase from 24 today to 38 in 2040. Although substantial, the increase is lower than in many other countries. In Japan, for instance, the ratio is projected to increase from 30 today to 65 in 2040 (United Nations, 2002).

  • Spreeuw, Jaap; Karlsson, Martin: Time deductibles as screening devices: Competitive markets. In: Journal of Risk and Insurance, Jg. 76 (2009), S. 261-278. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Karlsson, Martin; Mayhew, Les; Rickayzen, Ben: Individualised life tables. In: Journal of Population Ageing, Jg. 1 (2008), S. 153-191. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • Karlsson, Martin: Quality incentives for GPs in a regulated market. In: Journal of Health Economics, Jg. 26 (2007). doi:10.1016/j.jhealeco.2006.12.001VolltextBIB DownloadDetails

    This paper analyses whether GPs in a capitation system have incentives to provide quality even though health is a credence good. A model is developed where the quality of the service varies due to inherent differences between the GPs and rational patients make choices based on the outcome of treamtent. We find that it is difficult to provide appropriate incentives since the search activity of patients offsets direct effects of a change in reimbursement. Variation in the inherent ability of the GPs is good since it increases the search activity of the patients and the optimal reimbursement scheme is inversely proportional to the dispersion in types. Finally, we find that offering a menu of contracts can potentially increase social welfare above the level of a simple capitation regime, but it tends to lead to a higher variation in quality levels.

  • Karlsson, Martin; Mayhew, Les; Rickayzen, Ben: Long term care financing in four OECD countries: Fiscal burden and distributive effects. In: Health Policy, Jg. 80 (2007). doi:10.1016/j.healthpol.2006.02.002VolltextBIB DownloadDetails

    This paper compares long term care (LTC) systems in four OECD countries (UK, Japan, Sweden and Germany). In the UK, provision is means tested, so that out of pocket payments depend on levels of income, savings and assets. In Sweden, where the system is wholly tax-financed, provision is essentially free at the point of use. In Germany and Japan, provision is financed from recently introduced compulsory insurance schemes, although the details of how each scheme operates and the distributive consequences differ somewhat. The paper analyses the effects of importing the other three countries’ systems for financing LTC into the UK, focussing on both the distributive consequences and the tax burden. It finds that the German system would not be an improvement on the current UK system, because it uses a regressive method of financing. Therefore, the discussion of possible alternatives to the present UK system could be restricted to a general tax-based system as used in Sweden or the compulsory insurance system as used in Japan. The results suggest that all three systems would imply increased taxes in the UK.

  • Karlsson, Martin; Mayhew, Les; Plumb, Robert; Rickayzen, Ben: Future costs for long-term care: Cost projections for long-term care for older people in the United Kingdom. In: Health Policy, Jg. 75 (2006). doi:10.1016/j.healthpol.2005.03.006VolltextBIB DownloadDetails

    The purpose of this paper is to analyse the future sustainability of the UK system for provision of long-term care (LTC) due to changes in demography and health status among the older people. It considers how demand for LTC will evolve and to what extent there will be sufficient supply to meet demand. For formal care, this requires an estimate of how much the public purses, and hence taxpayers, will be burdened with LTC costs. For informal care, it involves estimating whether there will be enough carers if current patterns of provision were to continue. The results show that demand for long-term care will start to take off 10 years from now, and reach a peak somewhere after 2040. The research finds that the most significant increase will be in demand for informal care, where the number of recipients are projected to increase from 2.2 million today to 3.0 million in 2050. Relative increases will be similar in all care settings, amounting to between 30 and 50% compared with the levels today; however, the most noticeable increase will be in demand for formal home care, which is projected to be 60% above current levels by 2040. Total expenditure on formal long-term care will increase from £ 11 billion per year today to approximately £ 15 billion per year by 2040 (in 2001 prices). Expressed in taxation terms the effective contribution rate will increase from around 1.0% of total wages today to 1.3% in 2050. Availability of informal carers is potentially a big problem, but the extent of the problem is very sensitive to the assumptions made concerning health improvements and care-giving patterns.